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Women: Know More About Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Women: Know More About Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a serious condition, in women. According to Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 1 in 8 women with a history of PID experience difficulties getting pregnant.

What is PID?
Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection of a woman’s reproductive organs, such as the fallopian tube, uterus and the ovaries. PID is a common cause of pelvic pain in women. When it affects the uterus it is called endometritis, fallopian tubes is salpingitis, while ovaries is oophoritis. It may also affect the pelvic peritoneum.

What cause it?
PID is mostly caused by sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), such as Chlamydia infection or Gonorrhoea.

Other causes include;
° Miscarriage
° Abortion
° IUCD users have high incidence of PID.

How can one have it?
You are more likely to get PID if you;
• Have an STD and do not get treated;
• Have more than one sex partner;
• Have a sex partner who has sex partners other than you;
• Have had PID before;
• Are sexually active and are age 25 or younger;
• Douche;
• Use an intrauterine device (IUD) for birth control.

According to CDC, the small increased risk is mostly limited to the first three weeks after the IUD is placed inside the uterus by a doctor.

What are the symptoms?
The symptoms include;
° Abdominal pain and tenderness
° Fever
° Irregular menstrual periods
° An unusual discharge with a bad odor from your vagina;
° Pain and/or bleeding when you have sex;
° Burning sensation when you urinate;
° Bleeding between periods.

How can one reduce the risk of getting PID?
The only way to avoid STDs is to not have vaginal, anal, or MouthAction.
If you are sexually active, you can do the following things to lower your chances of getting PID:
√ Being in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with a partner who has been tested and has negative STD test results;
√ Using latex condoms the right way every time you have sex.

What are the treatments?
PID can be treated if detected early. Your doctor will prescribe drugs to manage it symptomatically. That is, antibiotics for infection and painkiller for pains.
It is advisable to treat your partner along if your partner has STDs and also avoid sexual intercourse throughout the course of the treatment.

You can get PID again if you get infected with an STD again. Also, if you have had PID before, you have a higher chance of getting it again.

If you don't treat yourself,
• It may cause scaring of the fallopian tube
• Ectopic pregnancy
• Infertility


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